balancing surface structure micro texture

Balancing surface structure and micro texture


Both these design features add a fine, mesmerizing detail.


  • Surface structure is a material aspect AT the surface.  
  • Micro texture (as defined here) is a microscopic variation in colour tint’s IN the material.


Apix powders are very suitable to get micro-texture in a material Look : mixing micro-powder with different colours. But Apix powders can also result in surface structures, when the binder is shrinking through drying (evaporation of solvent or water).


Surface structure at scale < millimeters, appear for the eye as matt or satin. The structural micro-pores, groves, pits and grains scatter light back, and add a ‘light-white’ aspect to the material Look : black becomes greyish, deep red becomes dull pink.


Surface-structure, like snake skin or scales, have a moderate effect on the look : the ‘little’ shadows make the aspect to look a little darker.


Surface-structure being first to interact with the light!

Surface-structure is ‘AT’ the surface and dominates the micro-texture ‘IN’ the material. This priority  needs to be taken into account when designing material Looks.In some cases of extreme surface structures, with extensive light scattering, in case of ultra matt micro-roughness at the surface, the micro-texture might be totally overruled.


Very visible expression of the micro-texture are obtained with glossy surfaces, as is the case with polished granite tablets.


Apix-oil paint with a yellow and a blue Apix powder. Varying ratio and satin finisch in the middle versus glossy aside it.